Characterization of biocontrol traits in the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis georgiana (Kesha strain), and phylogenetic analysis of the nematode’s symbiotic bacteria Author links open overlay panel David I. Shapiro-Ilan a George N. Mbata b Khuong B. Nguyen c Scott M. Peat d Dana Blackburn d e Byron J. Adams d.
Polyphasic classification of the genus. was noticed. The heat-tolerant group I (maximum growth temperature 35-39 degrees C) corresponded to the symbionts of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora groups Brecon and HP88. encompassed symbionts from Heterorhabditis megidis, Heterorhabditis zealandica and group NC1 of H. bacteriophora.
Production and Formulation (Back to Top). Entomopathogenic nematodes are currently produced by different methods either in vivo or in vitro (solid and liquid culture) (Shapiro-Ilan and Gaugler 2012).In vivo production is a simple process of culturing a specific entomopathogenic nematode in live insect hosts which requires minimal technology and involves the use of a surrogate host (typically.
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (D54). Codes FJ346825 and EU921445 are Heterorhabditis bacteriophora strains from South Africa and Hungary. Code EFO43440 correspond to Heterorhabditis zealandica strain from Ireland. 4 DISCUSSION Genetic studies proved that the nematode species is Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar, 1976) (Fig. 2).
Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) of genera Steinernema and Heterorhabditis associated with specific bacteria (of the genera Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus) are efficient bio-control agents for many insect pests that spend a part of their life cycle in the soil or cryptic habitats (Koppenhofer 2000) and also the foliar pests (Laznik et al. 2010).The free living infective juveniles (IJs) attack.
Insects, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Next Issue Volume 11, February.. namely Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and Steinernema carpocapsae. Finally,. Zoraptera is a small and predominantly tropical insect order with an unresolved higher classification due to the extremely uniform external body morphology.
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora: Commonly used in orchards and open pastures where it's great at keeping away pests like flea beetles, queen ants, ticks and weevils. Steinernema carpocapsae: Can survive in a diverse group of climates including ocean beaches, deserts and forests.